Health 2 Final Exam Review

Health 2 Final Exam Review Guide

Complex carbohydrates are composed of sugars linked together, good sources of energy, and found in grain products

 

Skin and Sweat are physical and chemical barriers to pathogens

 

The large intestine does NOT create urine

 

The most common disorders of the excretory system are urethra and bladder infections

 

Fish is a complete protein because it contains all of the essential amino acids

 

Inflammation is when the phagocytes eat up foreign cells, fluid leaks out of the blood vessel walls and the infected area becomes red, swollen and sore.

 

The esophagus connects the mouth to the stomach

 

Crohn’s Disease is an ongoing inflammation of the lower part of the intestine

 

Rabies is caused by contact with an infected animal

 

A person can spread a disease by direct and indirect contact

 

The correct stages of a communicable disease are incubation, prodromal, acute, recovery, convalescence

 

Antibiotics kill bacteria

 

Salmonella Poisoning is caused by contact with the environment

 

The 2nd line of defense against infection is inflammation

 

During the acute stage the most severe symptoms occur

 

During the prodromal stage the 1st symptoms appear

 

During the incubation stage the virus multiplies

 

Single-celled organisms that move through fluids in search of food are called protozoan

 

Pathogens are organisms that cause disease

 

A disease spreads by contact with an infected object because it can survive without a living organism

 

34) Ebola is caused by

a) Bacteria

 

The most serious nutrition problem affecting people in developing countries today is protein-energy malnutrition

 

Gingivitis is a condition in which the gums become red and swollen and bleed easily

 

During the incubation stage there are no symptoms

 

The small flap of tissue that covers the opening of the windpipe is called the epiglottis

 

A virus reproduces by invading and taking over another cell

 

Skipping meals is NOT a long-term strategy for preventing disease

 

Fungi are small organisms that are related to molds that grow in warm, dark places

 

Another name for your large intestine is your colon

 

Chicken is considered to be high in protein

 

The majority of chemical digestion takes place in the small intestine

 

Mucus and mucus membranes are physical barriers to prevent infection

 

Inflammation helps fight infection and promotes healing

 

The immune system protects the body from disease by recognizing and destroying pathogens

 

A lack of calcium can sometimes lead to osteoporosis

 

The part of the tooth that is seen above the gum is the crown

 

Loss of water through heavy sweating can result in dehydration

 

A person consume a diet high in fiber to help reduce the risk of lower bowel cancer

 

During the recovery stage, symptoms diminish

 

Your kidneys filters waste from the blood

 

Bacteria reproduces by cell-division or dividing itself in half

 

Your first Line of defense against infection is your skin

 

Indirectly, the most common cause of malnutrition is poverty

 

During the incubation stage the virus enters the body

 

Essential amino acids are not manufactured by the body

Another name for your gums is gingiva

 

AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

 

 

Look over your contagion movie questions as well as be able to identify what pathogen the major diseases are that we talked about and if it is communicable or non-communicable (examples include malaria, influenza, AIDS, chronic lung disease, stroke, common cold, pink eye, Ebola, Mono, measles, E coli, liver disease, diabetes, athlete’s foot)

 

Know what the minerals are and what the vitamins are (A,D,E,K are fat soluble)

 

 

Good luck studying!!!