Health 2 Final Exam Review

Health 2 Final Exam Review Guide

Complex carbohydrates are composed of sugars linked together, good sources of energy, and found in grain products


Skin and Sweat are physical and chemical barriers to pathogens


The large intestine does NOT create urine


The most common disorders of the excretory system are urethra and bladder infections


Fish is a complete protein because it contains all of the essential amino acids


Inflammation is when the phagocytes eat up foreign cells, fluid leaks out of the blood vessel walls and the infected area becomes red, swollen and sore.


The esophagus connects the mouth to the stomach


Crohn’s Disease is an ongoing inflammation of the lower part of the intestine


Rabies is caused by contact with an infected animal


A person can spread a disease by direct and indirect contact


The correct stages of a communicable disease are incubation, prodromal, acute, recovery, convalescence


Antibiotics kill bacteria


Salmonella Poisoning is caused by contact with the environment


The 2nd line of defense against infection is inflammation


During the acute stage the most severe symptoms occur


During the prodromal stage the 1st symptoms appear


During the incubation stage the virus multiplies


Single-celled organisms that move through fluids in search of food are called protozoan


Pathogens are organisms that cause disease


A disease spreads by contact with an infected object because it can survive without a living organism


34) Ebola is caused by

a) Bacteria


The most serious nutrition problem affecting people in developing countries today is protein-energy malnutrition


Gingivitis is a condition in which the gums become red and swollen and bleed easily


During the incubation stage there are no symptoms


The small flap of tissue that covers the opening of the windpipe is called the epiglottis


A virus reproduces by invading and taking over another cell


Skipping meals is NOT a long-term strategy for preventing disease


Fungi are small organisms that are related to molds that grow in warm, dark places


Another name for your large intestine is your colon


Chicken is considered to be high in protein


The majority of chemical digestion takes place in the small intestine


Mucus and mucus membranes are physical barriers to prevent infection


Inflammation helps fight infection and promotes healing


The immune system protects the body from disease by recognizing and destroying pathogens


A lack of calcium can sometimes lead to osteoporosis


The part of the tooth that is seen above the gum is the crown


Loss of water through heavy sweating can result in dehydration


A person consume a diet high in fiber to help reduce the risk of lower bowel cancer


During the recovery stage, symptoms diminish


Your kidneys filters waste from the blood


Bacteria reproduces by cell-division or dividing itself in half


Your first Line of defense against infection is your skin


Indirectly, the most common cause of malnutrition is poverty


During the incubation stage the virus enters the body


Essential amino acids are not manufactured by the body

Another name for your gums is gingiva


AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome



Look over your contagion movie questions as well as be able to identify what pathogen the major diseases are that we talked about and if it is communicable or non-communicable (examples include malaria, influenza, AIDS, chronic lung disease, stroke, common cold, pink eye, Ebola, Mono, measles, E coli, liver disease, diabetes, athlete’s foot)


Know what the minerals are and what the vitamins are (A,D,E,K are fat soluble)



Good luck studying!!!